Are you at risk for heart disease? Advanced Cardiovascular Testing (ACT) will be the next generation of heart problems risk assessment. It provides a lot of information that helps doctors figure out an ideal at risk or not.
You know that we are experiencing an epidemic of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Almost a million people die from CVD every annum. In fact, it is the #1 cause of all deaths.
Almost 2,400 Americans die of CVD every day- a common of 1 death every 37 seconds. More than 148,000 Americans killed by CVD in 2004 were a teenager than 65 involving age.
Almost 2.5 million new cases are diagnosed every year and about one in 3 adults has some form of cardiovascular disease. Salvaging truly an outbreak c reactive protein high.
The way we test for heart disease now is by checking total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL (“good”), LDL (“bad”), and the ratio between 2. This method isn’t very good the way it misses many individuals who have heart disease and falsely targets many who should never.
For example, over 50% of the folks who get heart attack have normal cholesterol levels. And quite a few people with high-cholesterol do not have heart disease. In fact, more strokes happen in using cholesterol under 200 than over 301. What is going with regards to?
The answer must do with lipoproteins. You see, cholesterol, both LDL and HDL travel in the blood attached to proteins. This combination is called lipoprotein (lipo means fat). When talking about cholesterol, most people imagine it to be a single piece, however in reality cholesterol circulates in the blood as many myriad of tiny lipoprotein fibers.
Each particle includes certain size whereas in the this case size definitely matters. Both LDL and HDL cholesterol come in two sizes.
Small and dense LDL particles are worse than medium-sized. Small are bad because they can attach to the lining of the arteries with ease. Making use of cause inflammation that proceeds to cause plaque. They help your heart disease progress twice as fast and increase possibility of of heart attack by 300%! During the other hand, medium particles are pretty harmless.
There are also two sizes within HDL cholesterol – large and material. The large one will be the most useful. Salvaging like a sponge that soaks increase the loose small LDL particles and returns them to the liver for reprocessing. This HDL is a real protector of heart health. On the other hand, medium HDL is not nearly as the best.
There are many kinds of lipoproteins, dependent what kinds of fat and cholesterol they are carrying. Some of them are worse than some others.
For example, Lp(a) (pronounced lipoprotein little a) is the most damaging lipoprotein of all because can make small LDL particles extra “sticky” to ensure they hang on towards arterial wall elevated tenacity, causing more inflammation and can damage.
Lp(a) alone has ten times plaque-causing power than small LDL particles. A great deal of Lp(a) increases the chance of heart attack by 300% regardless of whether there are you’ve felt risk factors around. Statin drugs are no help here, actually they may actually drive the level up.
About 25% of US population has high regarding Lp(a), but a majority of them have not a clue because it is not usually checked.
By now, I hope you understand that measuring only total cholesterol, LDL and HDL levels is not helpful almost all and could be very misleading. As I mentioned, almost 500,000 people each year have heart attacks even though their doctors gave them a clean bill of health his or her cholesterol was “normal.” And millions consumers with associated with large HDL particles take unnecessary statin drugs.
You need to know not only the total amount of cholesterol, nevertheless the size along with the type of lipoproteins anyone might have. You would love “normal” LDL level, therefore most today is in small dense particles, in order to definitely in danger. On the other hand, you may have high LDL, nonetheless, if it is mainly medium-sized, will not want to have to fret about it and you do not have drugs to lower it.
Similarly, skin doctor think that you are OK because own high HDL level, but if the HDL particles are small, they don’t really protect you particularly well.
What you need is must your doctor for the actual ACT test drive. It not only measures fundamental levels of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides. It has the size within the LDL and HDL particles (large or small) and a total number of each.
It also checks the level of Lp(a) and other lipoproteins, for example apolipoprotein A1 (good) and apolipoprotein B (bad). Plus, it also measures HS CRP (high sensitivity C-reactive protein) and Lp-PLA2 (lipoprotein-accodiated phospholipase A2), both that reflect degree of inflammation inside the arteries. Inflammation is leads to the damage to the lining of the arteries, leading eventually to plaques and heart virus.
All in all, pick up an object test any lot of useful information, which isn’t available with all the typical cholesterol test. Call for tells you if you are at risk or just not.